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25 Things That Changed Birding—Recently

About five years ago, I heard Pete Dunne give a talk on “Twenty-five Things That Changed Birding”—rare bird alerts and bird finding guides, commercial air traffic and the U.S. interstate highway system, the internet of course, and so forth.

And just a week or so ago, Laura Kammermeier posted to her Facebook wall a solicitation for ideas about things that have changed birding in just the past five years—that is to say, covering the time span from when I heard Dunne’s talk up to the present.

I’m going to take a stab at it, too. My time frame will be the 21st century. If it happened since the stroke of midnight on January 1st, 2000, then it’s fair game.

Two comments before we get under way:

First, my enumeration will be decidedly personal. Such enumerations inevitably are. So I’ll just come right out and say that these are 25 things which have changed birding for me. At the same time, I’m a member of and a product of the broader birding community; so I hope my personal enumeration will resonate with you at least to some degree.

Second, I’d love to hear from you. What are some of the big ticket items that are missing from my list? How ’bout if we view my personal list as just a starting point in the process of generating a Top 25 that can be said to apply much more broadly to the birding community? Who knows—maybe this exercise will provide the basis for an article or commentary in Birding magazine.

Without further ado:

Facebook-logo 25. Facebook. Did Facebook even exist, five long years ago when Pete Dunne gave that talk? And here’s another question: Is Facebook good for birding? Of course, Facebook has changed birding; but is online social networking good for birding? For some powerfully disturbing perspective, see Rick Wright’s essay, “Birding Alone,” pp. 42–47 in the January/February 2008 Birding.

24. Digital Photography. When I started my job at Birding magazine, not all that long ago in 2002, most photographic submissions were of slides, prints, or scans thereof. Today a submission of a slide or print would be as quaint as a submission of a manuscript on a 5¼-inch diskette—or a birdsong recording on an eight-track cassette.

23. Handheld recorders. They’re smaller than cell phones, and they cost a lot a lot less. I’m a recent convert to this technology, but it’s already radically altered birding for me. I record bird vocalizations, instantly generate sound spectrograms (“sonograms”) thereof, and learn lots of cool stuff about birds’ beautiful songs.

22. Xeno-canto. Imagine a website with the songs and calls—even the alarm notes, juvenile begging, and non-vocal sounds—of all the birds in the world. Guess what? It’s here. Scoot on over to and see for yourself. This remarkable new resource for birders depends on UGC, short for user-generated content. Speaking of which…

21. Wikipedia. In the preface to his latest book, Arctic Autumn, Pete Dunne states that he couldn’t have done it without Wikipedia. True, there are a few infelicities—even some outright crap—on this mother-of-all-UGC resources. But I’m a glass-half-full guy when it comes to Wikipedia: There’re an awful lot of knowledgeable birders out there, and it’s fantastic that so many of them are contributing to Wikipedia.

Books 20. The Sibley Guide to Birds. Everything’s online now, of course, but a few old books are worth hanging onto. The Sibley Guide, published in 2000, is one such book. It remains, quite simply, the greatest field guide of all time.

19. Apps. No need to lug The Sibley Guide around anymore! Just buy the app. I’ll be honest with you: I have not been all that impressed by the first generation of apps. But tech guru Diana Doyle—whose stuff we’ll be seeing a fair bit of in upcoming issues of Birding—has more or less convinced me that the next generation of apps, coming real soon, will profoundly alter birding.

18. Google Earth. When I first heard about this technology, about five years ago, I thought to myself, “Cool. When they get this figured out decades from now, it will turn birdfinding upside-down.” It didn’t take decades. Google Earth has been fully functional for several years now, and birdfinding has perforce been turned on its head.

17. The Big Year. It hasn’t come out yet. But the hype is here. A full-on movie about birding. And this isn’t thoughtful coverage à la NPR or The New York Times. No, this is cornball humor and car chases, profanity and nudity. We birders have hit the big time.

16. Kenn Kaufman. He’s been a famous birder for nearly forty years, long enough to earn him the title of “elder statesman.” But Kenn Kaufman is constantly reinventing birding—with innovative new field guides, bold and sometimes controversial approaches to bird conservation, and creative ideas for preaching the gospel of birding as widely as possible.

15. Gay Birders of North America (GBNA). I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again. One of the greatest things about birding is its transcendence. We’re all in this thing together. Our differences are transcended—more than transcended, they are wonderfully obviated—by our shared passion for birds. Check out the GBNA website. Check out this guy’s site, too. Vive la différence!

Sharonheadshot 14. BirdChick. Think of a really famous birder. Then Google that person’s name and the word “birding.” Next, Google “BirdChick + Birding.” Note to purists, traditionalists, and any other holdouts in the Old Boys’ Club: Google doesn’t lie. BirdChick has “arrived.” Birding has changed.

13. Aimophila Adventures. What a concept. Call up some guy (it happened to be Rick Wright, proprietor of Aimophila Adventures), and tell him what you want to see, where you want to go, and how you want to go birding. Surely, Aimophila Adventures—and other outfits like it—will soon come to dominate the bird tour market.

12. SOCs reascendant. SOC stands for State Ornithological Society. Some SOCs, I realize, are on the verge of extinction. But others are flourishing. What does it take for an SOC to succeed in the 21st Century? Four things: (1) programs for young birders; (2) support for bird conservation; (3) internet savvy; and (4) a good ole fashion commitment to having fun together in the field.

11. SORA. The Searchable Ornithological Research Archive, or “SORA” for short, is a wonderful blending of new media and old—really old—media. Go online and read old—really old—papers from the ornithological literature. Back issues of North American Birds, published by the ABA, are in there, along with complete runs of Auk, Condor, and many others.

10. NFC-L. I’m old enough that I still remember the sense of awe when I first experienced BirdChat. Now we have listservs devoted to every aspect of birding—for example, nocturnal flight calls, the sole topic of discussion on the NFC-L list.

9. Flight Calls of Migratory Birds. I suspect I’ve spent more time, this past decade, with this bird “book”—it’s a CD-ROM field guide—than any other. Flight Calls was revolutionary when it came out, in 2002. It remains a brilliant inspiration to all birders who are serious about taking fieldcraft to the next level.

8. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker. Do you remember where you were, when you heard the news on April 28th, 2005? Remember the amazement and elation? And then the gradual letdown? The Ivory-billed Woodpeckernot—has been a bittersweet coming-of-age saga for the modern birding community.

Eurasian_Collared_Dove 7. The Eurasian Collared-Dove. It just hasn’t sunk in, I dare say, for most of us. This was the avian sensation of the ’aughts. We all know of the spectacular and problematic “success” stories of such invasives as the European Starling and House Sparrow. Well, the spread of the Eurasian Collared-Dove has been vastly more impressive. Think about that.

6. Twitter. As I said at the outset, this enumeration is personal. Honestly, I haven’t gotten the hang of Facebook (see #25, above). But Twitter has made a big difference for me. If I want to spread the word about some cool new initiative with Birding or the ABA, I rely on Twitter. It works. I’m impressed. Three years ago, I wouldn’t have believed it. Heck, three years ago, I’d never heard of Twitter.

5. September 11th. I sense it every time I’m in an airport. We’re crankier and more paranoid than we used to be. And I think it’s harmed birding. Birding is, at its very essence, fun and friendly. Birding flourishes best, I believe, in a culture that is open and tolerant, joyous and insouciant. September 11th—or, rather, our reaction to it—has eroded a lot of that.

4. The Bush Administration. Sorry, I won’t tell you in this forum if I was “for” or “against” the eight-year presidency of George W. Bush. Indeed, it could be argued that the revised bylaws of the ABA prohibit me from doing that. But I think the following is simply a matter of historical record: During the Bush years, there were a lot of changes to environmental laws and regulations. And those changes have importantly shaped our experiences as birders.

3. The Darwin sesquicentennial. Did you notice? Darwin’s seismic Origin of Species turned 150 in 2009. Increasingly, birders are coming to terms with the consequences for birding of the Darwinian revolution. An authentic Darwinian approach, if applied to birding, would signal the end of orthodox, 20th-century methods of bird identification—taking down listing in the process.

2. eBird. I started eBirding on January 1st, 2007. As a result of eBird—and something else (see #1, below)—I’ve gone birding every single day since the date of my “conversion.” I think that says it all.

Hannah and Andrew 1. Kids. I used to think of myself as steady-as-she-goes with regard to my commitment to birding. I had never let “real” life—higher education, employment, marriage, what have you—get in the way of birding. And I assumed it would be the same with children. That is to say, I assumed I would keep birding at the same intense level. I was wrong. Ever since the birth of my first child, in 2004, my birding intensity has sharply increased. I go birding far more now than at any other time in my life. My kids and I just got back from our umpteenth multi-day birding excursion of 2011. If you want to go birding more than ever before, have kids!


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Ted Floyd

Ted Floyd

Editor, Birding magazine at American Birding Association
Ted Floyd is the Editor of Birding magazine, and he is broadly involved in other programs and initiatives of the ABA. He is the author of more than 100 magazine and journal articles, and has written four recent books, including an ABA title, the ABA Guide to Birds of Colorado. Floyd is a frequent speaker at birding festivals and state ornithological society meetings, and he has served on the boards of several nonprofit organizations. Mainly, he listens to birds at night.
Ted Floyd

Latest posts by Ted Floyd (see all)

  • Interesting, provocative list!… and a bit ironic, that though you do single out ‘BirdChick,’ you don’t mention ‘bird blogs’ as a more general category that has added much to birding, and here you are posting on one!

  • Glad to see something positive about Wikipedia. I use it every day, and have encountered astonishingly few errors; I’m generally just checking facts and dates, of course, but for such things, it’s a marvel–to my surprise.

  • Wow, I am really honored and weirded out to be in this list. Personally, I think blogging has changed birding more than any one blogger has.

  • Great and very interesting article. I love #1 and I am right there with ya! My kids have definitely intensified my love for birds and birding. In fact, I have become more concerned with birds since my kids… I want to make sure that they continue to enjoy what I have and do and that their kids will do the same. How lucky we are to have birds and birding. Without the kids, the birds and birding are on a dead-end road!

  • Well written article. I used to live near Boulder and birded around McIntosh Lake in Longmont and Rabbit Mountain Open Space as well as Rocky Mountain National Park. Too bad there wasn’t ebird back then. My Colorado Life List would be much longer! I think I got the ebird bug the same year you did! I have been eBirding ever since and continually try to improve my skills. I haven’t attempted Twitter yet but do use Facebook and find it keeps me connected to all the other birders I meet. I try to use Facebook mostly for bird sightings and info but sometimes lapse into poetry and personal stuff. After all, I am a person!

    I think we need some of this modern technology to interest the younger generation. I tired to get my nephew interested in eBirding but the listing was too cumbersome for him. He needed an app for his phone. I think they have one now but he has moved on. He’s 16 and interested in politics! Perhaps he will come back to it someday. Perhaps he will one day help save the birds and the environment!

    Love the book The Big Year. Did not know there was such a competition until I read the book.

    Thanks for the brain poke. It’s always good to think new thoughts. I hope we can do more to save habitat for the birds for I cannot imagine a world without them.

    BTW, I found my way to this blog and this post via a Facebook post from Birds and Beans with a broken link to this page. Still, it sent me in the right direction and now, here I am!

  • Insightful article. The #1 Kids item was unexpected but strikes a chord. I would propose the following candidate for inclusion – the broadening of interest to non-avian life forms like butterflies, dragonflies, mammals and reptiles. Are there any statistics on the average age of birders across the country? Has it been increasing?

  • Rexanne Bruno, Lynchburg, VA

    I enjoyed reflecting on this list. One item really caught my attention. As Past President of the Virginia Society of Ornithology, I’m particularly curious about part of one item – programs for young birders, the first item listed with # 12 (the four things that make SOCs successful). Which SOCs have successful programs for young birders? Tell us more about their educational programs so other SOCs might implement similar ones.

  • Thanks, Ameet. Definitely agree with you about the ascendance this past decade of butterflying and (especially) dragonflying. That should go on the list.

    (And to unite it with the #1 kids item, I find myself spending a lot of time dragonflying with the kids.)

    As to the average age of birds, whew, that’s a biggie. Would love to see a rigorous study of the matter. There’s so much anecdote out there, but so little hard info.

  • Hi, Rexanne.

    (First, I’m a big fan of VSO. Had a great visit with y’all in 2011.)

    As to approaches to young birders, I can think of two, off the top of my head.

    First, there’s the way “my” SOC (disclaimer, I’m on the board) does it. Colorado Field Ornithologists (CFO) emphasizes programs and opportunities for teen birders. We provide scholarships to teens attending birding camps; at our conventions, we have teen-only birding trips; we encourage our great teen birders to publish in our journal; etc.

    Second, I oughtta say that “young” birders can be older than teenagers. Last fall I attended the Oklahoma Ornithological Society meeting, and I was struck by all the participation from 20somethings–folks giving talks, leading field trips, etc. The Kentucky Ornithological Society (visited with them in 2009) appears to be strong in this respect, too.

    So I’d recommend either or both of these approaches:

    1. Provide great birding opportunities for teenagers.

    2. Provide professional opportunities (publications, presentation of scientific papers at meetings) for graduate students and advanced undergrads.

    Good question, Rexanne! All the rest of you: What do you think? Can you contribute additional ideas?

  • Hi, Rick (et al.).

    Check this out:

    In particular, check out the paper (and all the follow-up) that appeared in Nature, one of the more intriguing recent episodes in the annals of the history and sociology of science.

  • Oops. I meant, visited with y’all in 2010.

    (Occupational hazard. I’m working now on Birding content for 2012, so I fall prey to thinking of “last year” as the current year. I was bad with dates even before this; now I’m hopeless.)

  • Paul T. Sullivan

    Ted, With all the whiz-bang items you listed, we certainly can go a long way down the ID trail and post it to everyone.
    But I remember birding before all these gadgets. We knew if Pat was a male or female. We met the family when we called around a RBA on the phone tree. We were kind to one another when we met searching for the rare bird. We let others have their quirks, because we were all birders.
    Now I get emails in the privacy of my home at 11 at night, scolding me for the amount of gas I use, or for a misidentification of a bird, blasting me with a long essay on ID details, pushing me to be a “better birder.”
    All the gadgets have made us a lot less kind, made birding more partisan.

  • Thanks, Ted!

  • Bonnie

    I don’t know that the gadgets have made us less kind, but they have made it much easier to comment quickly, and some commenters are very quick to hit “send” when they should, in my humble opinion, think through what they’ve written before hitting that fatal button on their Iphone, Ipad, or whatever device they are using.

  • Makes one think.
    I am batting about .680 which would make me a great hitter. But some of my yes are pretty weak. I guess I am less old school than I thought. I probably would be batting higher when I get a smart phone.

    Does any one know Pete’s original 25 things. Might be nice to categorize both lists and compare.

    By the way, I think my state society, Iowa Ornithologist’ Union, is doing pretty good. We certainly hit strong notes on 3 and 4, and as a body have moved towards 2. Individually, there are members who work with young birders but we do not have much by way of programs for young birders.

  • You’re onto something, Paul. Do check out Rick Wright’s “Birding Alone,” Birding, January/February 2008, pp. 42-47. And see #25, in my enumeration, above. I think Rick’s “Birding Alone” is one of the finest pieces in Birding, ever. And it deals squarely with what you’re talking about.

    (And to think, Rick probably didn’t even have a Facebook account, when he penned “Birding Alone.”)

  • Chad, you say, “I want to make sure that they continue to enjoy what I have and do and that their kids will do the same.” And that points to a glaring omission in my Top 25: the (continuing, ongoing) emergence of a conservation ethic for birders. Here’s one that’s distinctly 21st-century, I would say: “GreenBirding.” Let’s get that on the list, for sure. Along with odes/butterflies.

    In due course, I’ll have a revised Top 25. More suggestions or tweaks?


  • Mary Ann

    Bonnie, You are so right. I am unfortunately one of those who hits send before I think! I am not abusive but leave myself open for slings and arrows and sometimes enrage other people when I have no such intention. Will do better.

  • Bonnie

    Mary Ann, I have been working to tame my inner snark, and thinking through comments before I post them.

  • Eugene Zielinski

    Regarding #1 — Just wait till they’re teenagers! Actually, this isn’t true. Even if your children aren’t active birders when they reach their teenage years, they’ll still retain an awareness of nature, which is more important than knowing the difference between a Willow and an Alder Flycatcher.
    Regarding #6 — I don’t use Twitter because I’m not much of a phone person, and my phone doesn’t have a QWERTY keyboard, so I can’t text. But Facebook… Facebook now has an ABA Rare Bird group which posts about vagrants, state records, etc. I may have to find a way to get that on my (old) cell phone.

  • Eugene Zielinski

    Paul. I’m not sure the gadgets have made us less kind, but I’m certain they’ve made us less patient. We get cranky if we don’t have our instant gratification.

  • Diana Doyle

    Yes, on green birding, who would have thought that “bgby” (etymologically from “big green birding year”) would become a word? I’m regularly asked: “You want to join us for the drive or are you going to bgby (big-bee) today?”

  • I’ve seen the gerund, viz. b[i]gbying, too. In fact, it’s appeared in ABA publications already. See Birding, January 2011, p. 8, Alison Világ bio.

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