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Nikon Monarch 7

    Negate the Noise

    In my last installment I talked about potentially Red-lining your ISO by setting a desired shutter speed and letting your camera's auto-ISO feature keep up by adjusting the sensitivity.  As advertisers are fond of saying, results may vary- make sure to play around with ISO on your camera to see how far you can push your sensor and still have acceptable results.  

    The main issue with high-ISO settings is the image noise that can be introduced.  This is sort of like of the digital equivalent of film grain for those of us who can remember shooting slides or print film.  Basically, with faster ISO settings more random electronic noise will be introduced to the image, degrading its quality.  In general, newer cameras with later-generation sensors handle high-ISO settings with better noise control.  Larger sensors (like those found on full-sized DSLR bodies) are also generally less "noisy" than smaller sensors found on compact cameras.  Check your shooting menu- many cameras have a high-ISO noise reduction setting to help get cleaner images when you are red-lining your ISO.  Noise can be very hard to see on busy, focused backgrounds like branches, leaves, and grass, but is most noticeable in shadows and dark, out-of focus backgrounds.  

    As a general rule I'd rather have sharp but noisy images instead of soft, "clean" snaps as noise can be dealt with easier than soft focus.  Here's an example of a really high-ISO shot is used in my last post, a Hermit Thrush image shot at ISO 6400.  This is what it looks like out of the camera (opened in Adobe Photoshop Elements for editing):

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.05.48 PM

    Note that the picture looks a little washed out.  Composition isn't great, either, but to focus on the bird and get the metering right I centered on the adult bird.  So let's start with a more pleasing crop:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.08.43 PM

    By next going to 100% view, we can evaluate the picture.  It is pretty sharp (noting the facial feathering detail, for example) but also quite noisy (click on the image to enlarge and note the green background.)  Realistically, this wouldn't make a great cover shot for the next Birding Magazine, but all hope is not lost…

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.39.04 PM

    The first thing I suggest is running a noise reduction filter.  I use NoiseWare, which runs as a plug-in from the filters menu in Photoshop or Photoshop Elements.  There are certainly other options, either as built-in features in photo editing software or as aftermarket products.  Most of the time with NoiseWare I find the default values work well (plus I'm lazy and would rather look at birds than at a computer), but other presets are available along with user-customized settings.  Check out how much the image cleans up with a NoiseWare pass:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.40.27 PM

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.40.55 PM

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.41.03 PM

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.41.13 PM

    After processing for noise, I'll re-size the image.  Since this is for the web and/or email, I'll make it 14" wide @ 72 dpi.

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.44.26 PM

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.44.34 PM

    Finally, I'll slightly adjust the levels so the bird looks like what I remember seeing:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.47.56 PM

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.48.28 PM

    And Shazzam- a slick pic of a neat bird encounter, much improved by about 1 minute of post-processing:

    HETH_nest-8

     Here's one more case study of a high-ISO photo, this time of a Broad-tailed Hummingbird I shot in my back yard last August.  I really like the dramatic dark background, but that kind of backdrop is especially prone to showing sensor noise.  This image was shot at ISO 1800, with exposure compensation at -2/3 to avoid blowing out highlights on the sunlit bird.  Here's what it looks like out of the gate:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 12.58.54 PM

    Rotated and enlarged to 100%, the dark background looks pretty noisy:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 1.00.30 PM

    So I'll run it through NoiseWare to get this:

    Screen Shot 2012-10-03 at 1.02.28 PM

    A quick crop, re-size, level adjustment, & wee bit of sharpening leaves a pleasing image for the web or email:

    BTLH_lr1

     Any other noise reduction tips?  If you have a product to recommend or technique to try please leave a comment!

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    Bill Schmoker

    Bill Schmoker

    Bill is known in the birding community as a leading digital photographer of birds. Since 2001 he has built a collection of digital bird photos documenting over 640 species of North American birds. His photography has appeared in international nature publications, books, newspapers, interpretive signs, web pages, advertisements, corporate logos, and as references for art works. Also a published writer, Bill wrote a chapter for Good Birders Don't Wear White, is a past Colorado/Wyoming regional editor for North American Birds and is proud to be on the Leica Birding Team. Bill is a Colorado eBird reviewer and is especially fond of his involvement with the ABA's Institute for Field Ornithology and Young Birder Programs. Bill is a popular birding guide, speaker, and workshop instructor, and teaches middle school science in Boulder, Colorado. When he isn’t birding he enjoys family time with his wife and son.
    Bill Schmoker

    Latest posts by Bill Schmoker (see all)

    • http://profile.typepad.com/d105297376580310796 Joseph M

      I sometimes use the Noise-Ninja plugin in Photoshop and it can do a good job of identifying noisy areas and removing some of it. But too often it flattens the feather details of the bird. For this reason, I usually prefer to apply noise reduction only to the background where it doesn’t matter, and not to the bird where I want to preserve as much fine detail as possible.

    • http://richard-s.smugmug.com/Birds Richard Stern

      A simple way to do this using only PS Elements —

      1. Use the Quick selection tool to outline the bird.
      2. Use Adjust sharpness or Unsharp Mask to selectively sharpen what you have outlined
      3. Go to Select -> Inverse
      4. Go to Filter -> Noise -> Reduce Noise, and set Strength 10, Preserve Details 10%, Reduce Color Noise 60%, and check Remove Jpeg artefact.

      You can use these settings on the bird too if it’s noisy, but a good way to do that is to create a layer for the bird, then reduce its opacity till it looks just right.

      Richard

    • http://profile.typepad.com/schmoker Bill Schmoker

      Excellent tip, Richard- thanks!

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