Birds are indeed dynamic beasts, and certain species stand out by virtue of their intriguing names. And in some cases the names are more colorful than the birds themselves. What follows is a distinctly subjective take on the most awesome bird names of species from around the globe. Please let us know your favorites and any that didn’t make the list. And see the honorable mentions at the bottom.
And if you like these names, join your fellow ABA Members on a thrilling adventure, the ABA South Africa Safari in October, 2014, where we’ll search for Secretarybird, Tractrac Chat (try sayin’ that five times fast), Swee Waxbill, Malachite Sunbird and Bateleur.
10. Prince Ruspoli’s Turaco
Named for its discover, an Italian aristocrat named Prince Eugenio Ruspoli, this is a species with a colorful name, colorful plumage, and a colorful history. An endemic to Ethiopia, the species was an enigma for some 50 years. Prince Ruspoli was trampled to death by an elephant in the early 1890s, but amid his belongings was a specimen of this unknown and spectacular-looking bird. The only problem was that there was no information about where it was collected, and so nobody knew where he found it and its range was unknown for decades. Finally in the 1940s the species’s tiny range was discovered near the town of Negelle.
9. Lazy Cisticola
The Old World Cisticolas, particularly in Africa, have an array of interesting names. The Lazy Cisticola resonated with me best of all, but there are no shortage of other great names including, Rattling Cisticola, Tinkling Cisticola, Wailing Cisticola, Croaking Cisticola, Churring Cisticola, Chirping Cisticola, Foxy Cisticola, Wing-snapping Cisticola, Bubbling Cisticola, and the most widespread of all the Zitting Cisticola. In most cases it could be argued that the names are more colorful than the birds.
8. Siamese Fireback
This pheasant from Southeast Asia, is great in name and appearance.
Hawaii is home to some of the best and most baffling bird names in the world. As the northern point of the Polynesian Triangle the native bird names (like those in New Zealand, the southwestern point of the triangle) are awesome, and are comprised by a constellation of vowels with just the odd consonant thrown in for good measure. Other cool bird names from Hawaii include recent extinctions such as ʻUla-ʻai-Hawane and the Po’o-uli. (The state fish is no slouch either, named the Humuhumunukunukuapua’a!). Birders visiting Hawaii are often relieved to learn that the bird pictured below is also safely referred to simply as the “Aki”. Known for its woodpecker-like habits, it utilizes its highly specialized bill to procure insect larvae, feeding especially at koa trees.
6. Sandy Gallito
Endemic to Argentina, and a species not especially gaudy in appearance, it does sport a snazzy name and offers palpable personality when seen in life. Within the tapaculo family (Rhinocryptidae), this species scurries about roadrunner-like, in sandy and sparsely vegetated scrublands, periodically popping up on a bush or a snag to issue forth its song (see a video here). There are a number of ostentatious names in the tapaculo family, from the Moustached Turca to the Huet-huets, to the Vilcabamba Tapaculo and the Chucao. Not to mention that the word tapaculo itself basically translates to “covers the rear end”, probably for the fact that these birds often have their tails cocked. (Side note: A career highlight during my days as a professional guide was when I got to show Sandy Komito his lifer Sandy Gallito).
5. Satanic Nightjar
Ol’ Eurostopodus diabolicus is also known as Diabolical Nightjar, and heck if that doesn’t sound like something that goes bump in the night… Supposedly named for its voice, this species was once believed by locals in its native Sulawesi to tear the eyes out of sleeping people. As you might well imagine, there is a distinct dearth of evidence to support this legend. Hopefully the name will endure, regardless.
4. Greater Pewee
The best oxymoronic bird name in the ABA Area.
Another brown bird from South America with a splashy name, they definitely have more personality than some more colorful birds, calling raucously from prominent perches and building giant stick nests, which would indeed be good for building a fire (provided they aren’t being used by birds of course).
2. Invisible Rail
I once had someone ask me, ”Have you ever seen the Invisible Rail?” I smiled good-naturedly assuming they were yanking my chain. But then discovered its an actual bird from Asia. Click here for a picture of an Invisible Rail, if you can believe that such a thing exists. And it does… but how can it?
1. Oleaginous Hemispingus
This name gets top honors in my book. It sounds like a horrible disease or some terrible strain of bacteria. In fact it is just a rather dull-green tanager from South America, not to be confused with the equally brow-furrowing Superciliaried Hemispingus.
There are so many great choices that listed here are a few honorable mentions. Indeed there are many more. What’d we miss?
-Forty-spotted Pardalote: More than once I’ve attempted to count the spots. It ain’t easy and I don’t think I’ve yet totaled 40.
-Predicted Antwren: Just described in 2013, and named as it was predicted to exist (based on heard vocalizations) before being formally described.
-Olive Warbler: An awesomely bad bird name (we’ll get around to doing a Top 10 worst bird names soon) as it’s not olive and not a warbler.
-Hummingbirds: This New World family has a host of awesome bird names including Bearded Helmetcrest, Frilled Coquette, Hyacinth Visorbearer, Lazuline Sabrewing, to name just a few.
-Tits: Many novice birders enjoy the name of the Tufted Titmouse, but this is just the tip of the iceberg. There is the Sombre Tit, the Blue Tit, the Great Tit, and even in other families there are tit-like birds like the penduline-tits, tit-spinetails, the Layard’s Tit-Babbler, or the Agile Tit-Tyrant. I’m not making this stuff up.
-Bird’s of Paradise: Certainly one of the most fascinating bird families, it also owns some great names like Wallace’s Standardwing, Trumpet Manucode, Arfak Astrapia, and the Growling Riflebird for example. And what’s the four-letter code for King of Saxony Bird-of-paradise?
-Cotingas: Another family with a host of great bird names: Handsome Fruiteater, Screaming Piha, Scimitar-winged Piha, Lovely Cotinga, Pompadour Cotinga, Crimson Fruitcrow, and umbrellabirds and cock-of-the-rocks.
-Tyrannids: The largest family of birds in the world is the tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae) with some 400 species, including snazzy-named species such as, Warbling Doradito, Spectacled Tyrant, Paltry Tyrannulet and so many others.
A few final favorites: Nordmann’s Greenshank, Pitta-like Ground Roller, Van Dam’s Vanga
Like this Top 10 List? See more here!
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