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An Opportunity to Help ‘Elepaios in Hawaii

As many ABA members know, many of the Hawaiian bird species that soon will be added to the ABA checklist are endangered. There are several threats that have contributed to the decline of Hawaiian birds, and the importance of those factors varies among the species. For one of Hawaii’s endangered endemic birds, the Oahu Elepaio, the primary threat is predation on nests by non-native rats.


Elepaio are members of the Monarch Flycatcher family (Monarchidae), which does not occur in North America, and there are three species of elepaio, one each on the islands of Kauai, Oahu, and Hawaii. The Kauai and Hawaii elepaio species are relatively common, but the Oahu Elepaio is rare and endangered.

Efforts to control rats numbers have been successful at reducing predation by rats, and in some areas have reversed the declines and allowed Oahu Elepaio numbers to increase. The trick now is to control rats over a larger area to protect more nesting elepaio pairs, and an effort is currently underway to do just that.

screen-shot-2016-12-07-at-9-44-23-amA crowdfunding campaign launched by Pacific Rim Conservation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Hawaii is raising funds to remove rats from more areas where elepaio are trying to nest. This is a deceptively simple project, but it’s one that really works and works well. A small donation can have a big impact on these native Hawaiian birds.

To find out more about this effort you can check out the Indiegogo page, and to learn more about the Oahu Elepaio go to

To learn more about all of the elepaios found in Hawaii, see this ABA Blog post and the accompanying article published in the July 2012 issue of Birding magazine (members only).

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Nate Swick

Nate Swick

Editor, Social Media Manager at American Birding Association
Nate Swick is the editor of the American Birding Association Blog, social media manager for the ABA, and the host of the American Birding Podcast. He lives in Greensboro, North Carolina, with his wife, Danielle, and two young children. He is the author of Birding for the Curious and The ABA Field Guide to Birds of the Carolinas.
Nate Swick

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